Entropion: The sagging and turning outward of the lower eyelid margin and lashes. An uncomfortable foreign body sensation results and can lead to tearing and eye irritation. Most cases of ectropion are due to age-related relaxation of the eyelid tissues.
Enucleation: is the surgical procedure in which the eyeball is removed and replaced with an implant. There are several reasons that an enucleation is performed. It could be removed to eliminate a malignant tumor that has developed within the eye, to alleviate uncontrollable pain in a blind eye, or to reduce the risk of"sympathetic" inflammation of the remaining eye when one eye has been severely injured and blinded.
Orbital Fractures: When one or more bones around the eye are broken, the condition is called an orbital fracture. An orbital fracture usually occurs after some type of injury or secondary to some blunt trauma to the face. Depending on the severity of the trauma, it can involve other facial bones as well. Orbital fractures can be associated with severe eye injury or damage, so a full ophthalmic exam should be undertaken. It is possible that one of the extraocular muscles (the muscles which move the eye) may be entrapped in the fracture, in which case the surgical repair should be undertaken as soon as possible within a few days. If there is no entrapment of the muscles, most ophthalmologists wait one or two weeks for the swelling to subside before proceeding with a surgical repair.
Tearing: Tears are produced by the lacrimal glands; each blink lubricates the globe and moves the tears medially towards the nasolacrimal ducts (tear ducts), which drain the tears into the nose. Tearing, also known as epiphora, can be caused by a number of reasons. A patient with tearing needs to have a comprehensive evaluation so the correct cause and treatment plan can be determined. Common reasons for tearing are blepharitis, eyelid malposition, nasolacrimal and duct obstruction.
Thyroid Eye Disease: There are multiple names one can find for the autoimmune eye condition that can be seen with thyroid disease. These include thyroid eye disease, sometimes abbreviated as TED, Graves' ophthalmopathy, thyroid-associated orbitopathy (TAO), and Graves ' orbitopathy. Most thyroid patients will not develop thyroid eye disease.